Analysis of Political Manifesto


The critical debate among social work Professionals their perspective on Social Work education at present concerns the question of whether an emancipatory practice is possible under the particular conditions of a system, where Caste which penetrates and govern peoples relationship and every aspect of life, Dalit and Tribal Social Work has come with a strong and optimistic answer to this. Dalit and Tribe social work believes that it’s a caste which is a root cause of many problems, in this country the debate of caste articulates is answered by Dr. Ambedkar and dealt by DTSW.

Each party have some common promises in the form of their election manifesto and it’s very important to understand and analyse the manifestos of these parties as a student or academician it’s sometimes very hard to understand why one repeats the same promises which they made five years back, that is only highlight the inability of the party to rule the country according to its promises. Now I think politics is all about, keep changing the words every 5 years, implying the same meaning, and people will keep voting for you.

A manifesto is a public declaration of principles and intentions, often political in nature. However, manifesto relating to religious belief are rather referred to as credo. Manifesto may also be life stance related.

Electoral manifesto

In parliamentary democracies, political parties prepare electoral manifesto which set out both their strategic direction and outlines of prospective legislation should they win sufficient support in an election to serve in government. Legislative proposals which are featured in the manifesto of a party which has won an election are often regarded as having superior legitimacy to other measures which a governing party may introduce for consideration by the legislature. Although, in recent decades the status of electoral manifestos has diminished somewhat due to a significant tendency for wining parties to, following the election, either ignore, indefinitely delay, or even outright reject manifesto policies which were popular with the public.

Indian National Congress Manifesto

Indian National Congress was founded by the suggestion of Allan Octavian Hume; it was a platform to have a civic and political dialogue of educated Indians with the British Raj, it was formed on 28 December 1885 till the time of Independence of India the Indian National Congress was the largest and the most prominent public organisation and it has also influence the Indian Independence Movement. It was a Hindu dominated membership many people in the history has viewed congress negatively they said Congress never attempted to address the issues of poverty, lack of health care, social oppression and the prejudiced negligence of the peoples concern the perception of peoples towards Congress was that of an elitist, educated and wealthy people’s institution.

In the 15th Lok Sabha elections The Indian National Congress respectfully seeks a renewed mandate from the people and come with Indian National Congress, the currently ruling party is one of the first to come out with election manifesto. In the preface of the manifesto Indian National Congress pledge to continue their work to ensure a life of SECURITY, DIGNITY AND PROSPERITY for every citizen. The Indian National Congress seeks a fresh mandate on the basis of its core values and ideology- Secularism, Nationalism, Social Justice, and Economic growth for all especially for aam admi here it is very hard to understand what National Congress means by aam admi what is there definition of aam admi they have not specified the concept of aam admi this seems very liberal stand Congress has took. They also talk about the commitment of the welfare of the weaker sections and for their well-being.

They also claim that it is the only party that appeals to, and derives its strength from each and every section of our society which is in current situation somewhat true, but as per my articulation this is happening with all parties, it is happening because peoples sentiments with Indian National Congress is still attached because under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, led people into freedom from colonial rule.

They also claims that the only party that believes economic growth and communal harmony, and economic growth and social justice, are two side of the same coin and must always go hand in hand but it seems that congress has not gone beyond believing it there is no such intervention from Congress has taken to prove their belief Babri masjid issue, Kandhamal riots, Gujarat riots, issue of communal and regional tensions in Maharashtra was taken place when congress government was in central, though in states other parties was in power but no sincere effort was taken by central to mitigate or to stop it, social justice communal harmony and economic growth it only reflects as their beliefs.

Indian National Congress has seen terrorism as a big problem and is showing zero tolerance towards it. They have also initiated a process of equipping police machinery and other security forces and also spending huge amount on latest weapons and technology to meet the terrorist threats. But they are not considering about the internal terrorism threats from upper caste to lower caste and atrocity as a big issue. Number of atrocity cases on is rising high in International conference they said that caste is our internal problem and our laws are enough capable of dealing with such cases they are accepting the fact that it’s a big problem. They are not even using any strong measures to stop this or strengthen the law or zero tolerance to people those who are committing atrocities.

The original inhabitants of this country tribes and the dalits their life and identity is at stake and they are talking about social justice they said that Citizenship is a right and a matter of pride and huge IT expertise in the country and they are also coming with a unique identity card after the publication of the national population register in the year 2011.

National Congress has concentrated on policies and Acts like NREGA National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, and they also conducting social audits National congress now pledging 100 days of work at a real wage of Rs 100 a day for everyone as an entitlement under the NAREGA.

They are also pledging that to enact Right to food bill as a Law Right to Food Act and also guarantees access to sufficient food for all people, particularly the most vulnerable sections of society they not specified who are they are specifying so there is no special provision given to SC/ST’s they also pledges that every family living below poverty line either in rural or urban areas will be entitled, by law, to 25 kg’s of rice or wheat per month at Rs 3 per kg but no such steps has taken by INC yet. Community kitchens will be set up in all cities for homeless people and migrants with the support of Central Government.

We will guarantee Health security for all– through national Rural Health Mission, the Rashtriya Bima Yojna (RSBY) introduced by the Congress Government which also offers health insurance for poor families. They also promise for quality health care facilities and upgraded hospitals in every district but most of the villages caste is having strong dominance of upper caste most of the villages dalits has been got discriminated and health facility is not easily accessible for them.

We will ensure comprehensive Social Se: social security Congress has ensure to Dalits, single women, disabled and elderly, urban homeless, bonded workers, members of primitive tribal groups, but till now no concrete measure has been taken by Congress to ensure Social security in Andhra Pradesh primitive tribal groups are getting displaced because of congress governments dam irrigation and development programme.

They also promising for free education for Dalit, adivasi children: this can be also criticized like why they have not done the same thing in the last 5 years?

They promising Reservation in private sector– first the existing reservation policy and current reservation in government sector the backlog has not been yet fulfil by congress government.

Reservation for Muslims: Reservation have been given to OBC, SC, ST, etc for more than 60 years now, if that hasn’t worked yet how will giving out more reservations will work, neither Congress is doing anything to take reservation till villages and start awareing dalits some measure should be taken by the congress to spread the reservation policy through public announcements on Doordarshan and on other mainstream media.

Indian National Congress as usual seems a mixture of some old promises and some very populist measures, which will never see the light of day for one reason or the other. Consider this Congress manifesto says it will give and promises to fulfil above things but the first question comes in mind why it was not done in last five years when they ruled previously and also ruling in most of the states and exactly what type of differences will they bring in next 5 years to get this plan working.

Analysis through anti–oppressive paradigm

Indian National Congress using humanitarian approach towards dealing with marginalised and also in some sense keeps individualistic; they believe in mixed economy and welfare capitalism all their policies and promises are liberal and with the approach of welfarism they believe in ideal welfare model. National congress also believes in Representative democracy they also have representation in their party from all the communities and groups, congress also believes that most of the social problems are there in the communities it’s because of social disorganisation which is caused and inherent in a capitalist system.

Another irony on the part of the congress can be seen in their vision of anti communalism practice and prevention of atrocities against weaker castes. What the country is experiencing till today has given a different picture quite contradictory to the claims of the congress. The congress till today practices in communalistic politics in the states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.

The congress has failed to understand the importance of the transnational networks working for Dalit and tribal movements in India and in the international platform. Their stand on foreign policy without understanding the repercussions of international community in the realms of economic travesty has hugely affected the weaker sections of the society.

Samajwadi Party (SP) Manifesto

Samajwadi party was Party was born on October 4, 1992, in the historic Begum Hazrat Mahal Park in Lucknow Uttar Pradesh party workers elected Mulayam Singh president in the same day. It describes itself as a democratic socialist party. It describes itself as a democratic socialist party. In was founded on October 4, 1992.


Samajwadi party came out with its manifesto just few days before the elections it’s very hard to understand by the voter that how a voter can understand any party and its promises in five days time. Sometimes they are not sure of what they are doing and what they are going to offer the Indian public that they take so much time to come out with their manifesto.

Samajwadi party said ban the use of computers and English schools because they were leading to boss of jobs. They have done extensive research I think or don’t know what statistics SP came up with to put such illogical statements in its manifesto, but this is just hilarious party leader says that manifesto has been misinterpreted. The entire manifesto released by the Samajwadi Party has become a laughing stock and provide people some sort of relaxation to people who are fed up with promises and promises. At least they know that they are reading a comic book, not a manifesto
First promise they made is working against the use of English in education, against the compulsory use of English language in education, administration and judiciary. It’s important to understand that Hindi is our national Language and it needs to be promoted, but that does not mean doing away with or denying the use of English language. SP Chief Mulayam Yadav’s two sons have been brought up in good English Medium Schools.

Free education for girls till graduation this was little appreciable but one can ask question that why this has been not done when Mulayam Yadav was there as a Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.

Quota for Muslims, backward and SC/ST’s in IIT’s and IIM’s OBC quota has already implemented in the universities as well as IIT’s and IIM’s also SC/ST quota is already there. What extra quota SP is talking about did SP is going beyond the existing quota.

Ban the use of machinery in agriculture. Tractors will be replaced by bullock carts take out bullocks and work in fields entire year to get half the yield you’d have got with machines in six months, that’s really a worth plan for dalits those who do farming and work hard in the field whole day.

The promises it has made to people, have not find any takers. SP’s manifesto though doubles me with laughter and at the same time leaves shell shocked. How can a party of national level make such preposterous promises? It seems SP leaders believe that they are incompetent enough to take India to new heights, where all Indians would proudly be able to rub shoulders with the rest of the countries of the world. So they have decided to take back India to its old golden era by abolishing the use of new technology for the development of the country. It’s a shame for our nation that politicians are seeking votes by promising the drag back of the country by many years instead of thinking of it progress and development.

Mulayam Singh Yadav’s Samajwadi Party has vowed to change the name of the country to Bharat if voted to power and said it would throw open for worship religious places under the Archaeological Survey of India. In its manifesto Samajwadi party pointed out what it claimed was “a serious flaw” in the Indian Constitution and promised speedy rectification once the party comes to power at the Centre.

Mulayam Singh, who believes his party would play a crucial role at the Centre by winning 60 seats from Uttar Pradesh, slammed rival parties for ignoring the basic needs of the backward sections. “Unlike other parties which churn out a political epic in manifestos, we are focused on the country’s marginal people and development. We believe, without their development, no true development can take place.” They think that without the help of technology and other modern means people can develop then they are leading this country towards degradation and towards Stone Age.

In an attempt to woo Muslims, at least 15 of the 19 promises made under the head “Social Change” are aimed at the community. They include provisions for reservation in jobs in medical and technical institutions, promotion of Urdu, schemes to remove illiteracy and reconstitution of the Shanti Suraksha Dal, a crack force to deal with communal violence.

The party also talked about “non-interference” in Muslim personal laws, ensuring safety of all religious places and a “total revision of all textbooks in which a deliberate tampering of pro-BJP historians led to distortions in historical facts about Muslims”. This according to me is a little radical stand taken by SP but also should look after the manipulation happens in Dalit history.

However, the party appears to have soft-pedalled on the Ram temple issue. “On Ayodhya there is no other solution except that emanating from the judiciary. We plan to stick to the court order,” Mulayam Singh said.

The Samajwadi chief said he was not in favour of over-stressing Sonia Gandhi’s foreign origin. “A woman is not judged by how and where she was born but what she is proposing to do for the country,” he said, this particular statement was spoken with keeping Mayawati in mind and telling how better is Sonia Gandhi than Mayawati.

Analysis through Anti Oppressive paradigm

Samajwadi party called themselves a Social Democrats they believe in freedom that is reflected in all their promises but answer was to think because if they talk about freedom why they are denying the development and agricultural means with Humanitarianism and Democratic participation, equitable distribution of income and opportunities there political beliefs believes in Participatory democracy the state has always has a positive role to play in society, they also believes according Social problems which has come from various conflicts oh inherent in a capitalist society . Welfare capitalism also can be used as a stepping stone towards socialism goal is to promote egalitarianism. National Social Work, practice provide practical knowledge restructured society along socialist lines most of the promises are fake and to make fool or fun of dalits nothing has been talked about dalits.

Bhartiya Janta Party

The BJP is a direct successor of The Bhartiya Janta Sang (BJS, Indian People’s Union), founded in 1951 by Shyam Prasad Mookherjee a nationalist leader, former Union Minister and freedom-fighter. It was considered the political wing of the Rashtriya Swyamsevak Sang. But the fortunes of the young party took a dip in 1953, when Mookherjee was jailed in Kashmir by then Indian Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru After his death in custody, the BJS lasted for 24 more years, but never seriously challenged the power of Indian National Congress It did however groom future political leaders like Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Lal Krishna Advani.


Bhartiya Janta Party has been in power just a couple of times, of which one was for a period of just 13 days. Although said to be a communal party and protectors of Hindu community, irony is that in a country with over 70% Hindus, they haven’t been able to garner enough votes yet to form a Govt of their own
The BJP in its manifesto had tried to consolidate the idea of India by talking about the history of this nation. It elaborates on its stance of the cultural heritage and plethora of cultures that binds this country together.
Schools and colleges, the diligence as well as the intelligence of the students, the quality of the teachers and the financial support provided from private and public sources. Contrary to the then prevailing opinion, those attending school and college included an impressive percentage of lower caste students, Muslims and girls.
One point to note in this manifesto of the BJP is their claim on the old rigid cultural heritage. BJP have taken a strong stand on the anti-westernization stand a moral policy to curb such kind of conversions. It can be argued that the BJP can be placed in the neo conservative paradigm of structural social work in its mode of functioning. Although the BJP believes in the values of individuality and inequality, it believes to stand as a watch dog for any kind of wrong doings of any Indian who according them will perpetually invite trouble for themselves.

No nation can chart out its domestic or foreign policies unless it has a clear understanding about itself, its history, its strength and failings. It becomes all the more important for any nation to know its roots which sustain its people in a highly mobile and globalised world. This very stand taken by the BJP shows its conservative position in terms of foreign trade and its hostility against any international pressure. Their economic belief is that of a neo conservative as they have a strong contention for a free and fair yet competitive capitalism. The BJP has always had a paternalistic view of the society. Their political belief has always been backed under the domain of the Hindu ideology. They have always emphasized on the dominance of the economic system with stringent measures on stability, law and order. According to the manifesto of the BJP it appears that even after six decades of independence India has not been able to discover its innate vitality and its sense of time and consequently has lost its direction and will to act. The drift is acute and has encompassed all aspects of national life. The situation needs a change and a new paradigm is called for, for creating a prosperous, progressive and powerful India whose voice is heard in international flora.

The BJP has always adhered to the values of good governance, development and security. The BJP in its manifesto has emphasized on the development of youth understanding the fact that the youth represents the maximum population of the country. In its concern for them the BJP vowed to work for their progress and help them to achieve their goals. The party’s main goal is to primary concern will be India’s rapid, inclusive, equitable and all-embracing development and stable growth that benefits the largest number of people. We will invest in rural development; we will ensure higher agricultural productivity and guarantee an assured income to farmers; and, we will protect the livelihood of the masses while creating myriad opportunities of gainful employment. Since the BJP believes social problems are caused by individuals either because of their weakness or deviance, therefore their primary concern will be India’s rapid, inclusive, equitable and all-embracing development and stable growth that benefits the largest number of people. We will invest in rural development; we will ensure higher agricultural productivity and guarantee an assured income to farmers; and, we will protect the livelihood of the masses while creating myriad opportunities of gainful employment.

The BJP has always tried to infuse Hindu ideologies in their manifesto and somehow have always blamed the Congress for any communal riots that has occurred in the country. But they have failed to stress on the need to unite the country and fight against any external or internal security. The party’s manifesto has apparently tried to draw out any flaw of the congress and in turn incorporate in their manifesto like the Right to Food, foreign trade, nuclear strategy among other things.
To address the long-pending issue of labour reforms, bearing in mind the long-term interests of the working class. It will do so through close consultation with representative bodies of labour and employers.
Education will be the Government’s instrument to reduce poverty, promote health, protect the environment and advance gender equality.
New funding mechanism for promotion of basic research in science, medical, agricultural and engineering institutions.
Will invest in every sporting activity, this is an essential element of achieving their goal of making India a developed nation in the field of sports
Constitution of India lists Uniform Civil Code as one of the Directive Principles of State Policy. There cannot be real gender equality till such time India adopts a Uniform Civil Code which protects the Rights of all women. The BJP, as a first step towards this constitutionally mandated direction, will set up a Commission to draft a Uniform Civil Code, drawing upon the best traditions and harmonizing them with the modern times. The Commission will also study reforms towards gender equality in other countries, including Islamic countries.
The BJP is committed to the principle of Social Justice (Samajik Nyay) and Samajik Samarasata (Social Harmony). Instead of pursuing identity politics which do not fetch benefits to Dalits, OBCs and other deprived sections of the society. What is miserable is to point out that most of the atrocities done on dalits and tribal’s are in the states of the BJP government or parties aligned with the BJP. The BJP’s stand on minorities only show how deceiving they can be in trying to envisage a position whereby they can rule the country for five years without paying heed to the cries of these very minorities who have voted them to power.
The BJP has also announced that a special component will be created in all development schemes to benefit the deprived sections of society. An ‘Extremely Backward Communities Development Bank’ will be set up for promoting skill enhancement through learn-and-earn schemes for their uplift. This kind of promises were also made in the past when they were in power but their partners were not very keen in doing so for which they had to drop the idea. It is precisely for this reason that the BJP lost the elections because it failed to look at the issues pertaining to the dalits and the tribal’s in terms of atrocities, sexual harassment, murder and displacement to name a few.

The BJP will adopt a comprehensive, all-encompassing long-term strategy to empower tribals and ensure their welfare. They will draw upon the experience of their Governments in Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh which have successfully implemented tribal welfare and development schemes. It’s a very contradictory statement made by the party because when they were ruling, not even a single attempt was made for the welfare of the tribal’s except in paper. Lands had been acquired on the pretext of development displacing the tribal’s when the BJP was in power. This could have also been one of the prime reasons for their recent downfall. Even in this manifesto there has been no clear cut measure to mitigate the problems faced by the tribal’s of this sub continent. The BJP have always had a hard stand on the smaller states especially the north-eastern region of the country. They have relentlessly tried to portray this region as one with the highest level of corruption and militancy.
BJP repudiates the division of Indian society along communal lines which has been fostered by the Congress and the Left in pursuit of their vote-bank politics. Categorization of communities as ‘minorities’ perpetuates notions of imagined discrimination and victimhood; it reinforces the perception of the ‘minority’ identity as separate from the national identity. The BJP remains committed to a common Indian identity that transcends community, caste and gender, with every Indian an equal participant in the building of a prosperous nation and an equal beneficiary of that prosperity. Pluralism is a sine qua non for any democracy and the BJP cherishes the diversity that is also the strength of Indian society and lends vibrancy to our national fabric. But pluralism should strengthen, not weaken our national resolve. If this is to be believed then the BJP must be prepared to shun ties with other radical communal organizations like the VHP and the Sangh Parivar and declare them as a militant group.

These close allies of the BJP have often infused in the minds of the Hindus the feeling of hatred and antagonism against the Muslim brothers and sisters. What we saw in Orissa and Madhya Pradesh are glaring and shameful examples to prove the unworthiness of the words of the BJP. Although they have always had the ill feeling against Christian and Muslim minorities they have however tried to use vote bank politics to woo these voters to support them. In their manifest they have said that The BJP will facilitate, under the auspices of noted religious leaders, the setting up of a permanent inter-faith consultative mechanism to promote harmony among and trust between communities.

Analysis through Anti Oppressive paradigm

Bhartiya Samaj Party ideologically is very Hindunised and fundamentalist and fanatic in nature in their manifesto there is lot of Inequality which is created through their ideology they believe in. They also believe owner ship of lands they haven’t talk more about land in the manifesto, all the dominance in the party is by upper caste men or all upper caste certain difference between power say some other said that elite rule in their election and which is true most of the key positions and taken by upper caste. Law order and dominance of economic power those who have economic power can rule the country with a very paternalistic approach towards society law and order.


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